As the school year draws to a close, it is always a good idea to review specific topics we have learned about during our time together. Here are just a few to start us off!
Part One: PUNCTUATION PROOFREADING
Directions: In each sentence below, decide if punctuation has been used correctly or not. If it has, a simple "correct" will do. If it has not, please write "incorrect," and decide which correction(s) should be made.
1. While packing for vacation, I decided to bring books, magazines, and a journal for poolside enjoyment. _____________
2. When I went for a walk around the block I noticed several houses were for sale. _________________________________
3. The new boat which Tom christened recently waited patiently at the dock for his next voyage. ___________
4. "I can't believe school is almost over! he said. ______________________________________________________________
5. "When is the best time to write?" she asked. _______________________________________________________________
6. She told him to "follow his heart" in planning a career. ______________________________________________________
7. Who told you that masks are "unnecessary"? _______________________________________________________________
8. Tom asked, "Is this one of our last assignments"? ___________________________________________________________
9. "Don't listen to what other people say, " she told him. "All that matters is what you think." _______________________
10. "What will you do," he said to Jen, "after you graduate from SCALE?" _________________________________________
11. Sam watched the latest season of a TV show that he'd found on Netflix. ______________________________________
12. Daniel's brother, Brian, will be joining us later. ____________________________________________________________
Part Two: IDIOMS
Directions: Match each idiom in Column A with its meaning in Column B.
Column A Column B
1. piece of cake A. something difficult that no one wants to discuss
2. the last straw B. easy
3. the elephant in the room C. it's up to you to make the next move
4. saw the light D. last in sequence of unpleasant events
5. hot potato E. depart; leave
6. once in a blue moon F. out of control
7. bed of roses G. become angry
8. when pigs fly H. understood something more clearly
9. miss the boat I. handle a difficult situation successfully
10. under the radar J. disclose a secret
11. jump to conclusions K. rarely
12. no picnic L. easy option
13. out of hand M. never happens; is impossible
14. fly off the handle N. controversial subject
15. give the cold shoulder O. miss a chance
16. in hot water P. going unnoticed; avoiding attention
17. skeleton in the closet Q. treat with coldness or contempt
18. spill the beans R. in trouble
19. weather the storm S. secret of an embarrassing nature
20. the ball is in your court T. predict a resolution without sufficient information
21. hit the road U. not fun
Part Three: IDIOMS IN SENTENCES
Directions: Use the Idioms from Column A (in Part Two) to complete the following sentences:
1. When Sean is upset with someone he tends to ______________________________________________.
2. Whatever you do, before we go to the surprise party this weekend, do not __________________________________.
3. To do something over and over again that you do not like is __________________________________.
4. I think they found out who committed the crime; he will really be _________________________________________.
5. John felt confident in his cooking ability; he always said creating new meals was a __________________________.
6. The movie ended, and it was time to ___________________________________________________.
7. When you start a new job, it is often said that _____________________________________________. This means that how well you will ultimately do depends on how much effort you are willing to put in.
8. As a movie star who was photographed wherever she went, she tried to live her personal life ______________ in order to preserve some privacy.
9. Susan forgot to play the megabucks during a week in which her numbers came out! Her friends feel bad that she
10. Forgetting to complete important tasks at work for the fifth time in a row was _____________________________; Jane lost her job because of this!
Part Four: PARALLEL SENTENCE STRUCTURE
Directions: Please decide if the following sentences are parallel, and if they are not, please fix the mistakes!
1. The day was hot, sunny, and it was enjoyable, too. ________________________________
2. We walked along the city streets and welcomed the change in scenery. _________________________
3. He loves jogging, biking, and thinks hiking is fun, too. _________________________________
4. We learned how to read and writing in school. ________________________________________
5. We will read and relax all summer long! _____________________________________________
Part Five: GRAMMAR FUN
Directions: Please answer the following questions about various parts of speech and how they are used. Remember to think about the connotation of each word in question so that you make the best choice!
1. Todd bought a new video game at Game Stop.
Question: What part of speech is video in this sentence?
2. Do you have a ride to the event on Sunday?
Question: What part of speech is ride in this sentence?
3. The world should always be filled with peace.
Question: What part of speech is peace?
4. Joan's work computer ran programs faster than her personal laptop.
Question: What part of speech is work in this sentence?
5. Does he often bike to work during the colder months?
Question: What part of speech is bike in this sentence?
6. Please list all your favorite activities.
Question: What part of speech is list in this sentence?
7. Do you ever question the types of news we receive each day?
Question: What part of speech is question in this sentence?
8. Amanda's yellow dress was perfect for the spring concert.
Question: What part of speech is yellow?
9. My new puppy slept on her comfortable new dog bed.
Question: What part of speech is dog in this sentence?
10. There are fourteen students enrolled in this class.
Question: What part of speech is fourteen?
Part Six: WRITING--ANECDOTES!
Directions: Please write an anecdote about one of the following topics!
Part Seven: MORE WRITING--ESSAYS!
Directions: Please write a persuasive essay about one of the following topics:
Directions: Parallel sentence structure ultimately means that your sentences are all aligned properly! They have the same verb tenses, point of view (if applicable!), and overall grammatical structure. This makes your writing easier and more enjoyable to read!
Example of parallelism: During the summer months, Tom enjoyed swimming, hiking, and running.
[Notice that the gerunds (verbs that function as nouns) all end in -ing. This makes the sentence parallel as well as more "pleasing to the ear."]
Example of a sentence WITHOUT parallel structure: During the summer months, Tom enjoyed, swimming, hiking, and he liked to run.
[Do you see the difference? While we still understand the meaning of the sentence, it just doesn't sound as good when all the -ing gerunds are the same!
Using parallel sentence structure gives your writing the professional polish it deserves!
Can you make the following sentences parallel?
1. He told me to bring a new notebook, college-ruled paper, and pencils that I should have previously sharpened.
2. I need to get a good night's sleep, have a good breakfast, and I will leave my house early.
3. Would you rather have a collie, a beagle, or a dog that comes from a mixed breed?
4. Do you enjoy hiking in the woods or would you rather swim in the lake?
5. He was instructed not to look at the answers, not to look at his phone, and he shouldn't talk to his neighbor as well.
Note: Be ready to talk about which changes you made (and why)!
Directions: Please read the following three sentences; they are the beginning of a story you will finish! The goal of this assignment is to maintain parallel sentence structure. You can allow the story to go in any direction you choose, but the grammatical structure should remain the same (and in this case, so should the narrator's point of view!). Have fun!
Shari was excited about her upcoming vacation. She still couldn't believe she would finally visit Hawaii with her childhood friends -- it would truly be a dream of a lifetime. However, when the day of the trip arrived, a loud knock on her front door and her shock at who was standing on her doorstep were about to change everything!
Directions: We have been working on cause and effect situations (and how to solve them in reverse) since the beginning of the school year. Now it is time to not only review the actual cause and effect events, but to solve them in reverse...and then to select one you would like to write about! The Google Slides I previously showed you accompany and prepare you for this lesson!
First, in cause and effect order:
1. If the cause is:
Practicing often will improve skills in which you feel less confident.
A possible effect could be:
2. If the cause is:
Glaciers are melting faster than ever these days.
A possible effect could be:
Next we will reverse the order -- I will provide the effect first, and you will give me the cause.
3. If the effect is:
The attention span of students is decreasing significantly.
A possible cause could be:
4. If the effect is:
Small businesses have taken the greatest hit this year.
A possible cause could be:
5. If the effect is:
Schools should provide different types of learning to accommodate all students' needs.
A possible cause could be:
6. If the effect is:
Being patient and flexible at work are wonderful qualities to possess.
A possible cause could be:
7. If the effect is:
Showing children the difference between right and wrong at an early age can prove to be beneficial in their adult lives.
A possible cause could be:
8. If the effect is:
Pausing to think a problem through can stop a person from making a big mistake.
A possible cause could be:
Next, please select one of the "effects" from the examples shown above to use as your main argument in your next five-paragraph essay! This essay will be due on Wednesday, and unlike previous essays in which we went through rough drafts first, we are striving for a final product on the first try! This involves self-editing as you write, which we will review in class (I will provide a handout on this, as well). We are preparing for the HiSET in which you are not able to go through all the usual steps in creating a piece of writing -- we actually have to get to that end result right off the bat!
[Remember -- you are providing a quick outline for yourself by listing the effect and three causes immediately on a piece of paper before beginning to write. These three causes will become your three middle, supporting paragraphs; all you need to do is write a clever intro that includes that main argument (the "effect") and a strong closing paragraph that leaves your reader knowing exactly how you stand on the subject you are writing about!!]
You all can do this quite well, and I'm looking forward to seeing your latest accomplishment!! Share it in a Google Doc for faster feedback from me!
Directions: This End-of-March Review will give us an idea about which skills you have mastered and which ones we need to provide more focus on! No need to worry -- just try your best, and submit it to me through the "Comments" link on this page.
Using the word bank below, fill in the blanks with the word that fits best! Only one word is used twice!
its protagonist denouement second personification
it's antagonist resolution third onomatopoeia
their conflict theme alliteration ironic
they're epiphany point of view simile symbol
there climax first metaphor hyperbole
1. When you write in a conversational tone and use "I, me, we, our, ours, us, my, mine" in your work, you are using the ______________________ person point of view.
2. The main character in a work of fiction is known as the ______________________________.
3. If I tell you "I am so hungry I could eat a horse!" I am demonstrating the use of ______________________, which is a deliberate exaggeration to emphasize something I'm feeling.
4. The table was on its side on the floor; it could not stand without one of ________________ legs. (its, it's)
5. The moment in a story when a character has a sudden realization or insight that they have not had before is known as an ___________________________________.
6. The family went to dinner in ___________________________ new car. (their, they're, or there)
7. "He is a shark when he does business" is an example of a ___________________________, which directly compares two things without the use of "like" or "as."
8. The falling action or _________________________________ in a fictional story is when the pieces start to come together and are explained.
9. The opposing force in a fictional story is known as the ______________________; it can be a person, a force, or even something within the main character himself.
10. Look at the writing in the following sentences: "You walk into a dark room. You try to turn the lights on, but turning the switch does nothing at all. You begin to get worried that you are not alone." The point of view used here is ________________________ person.
11. In the sentence "Tom took two tennis balls from the tall table," several of the beginning sounds of words are the same. This is an example of the use of _______________________________.
12. If you read a story and are left with the feeling that "Hard work pays off," you are thinking about the _____________________________ of the story.
13. Examples of words that sound just like the action they are doing, such as "buzz," "fizz," "hiss," or "sizzle" are what is known as __________________________________________.
14. Read the following sentence: "The screen door slapped at him as he left the house, while the back steps groaned under his weight." The words "slapped" and "groaned" are used as a form of _____________________________, in which inanimate objects are given human qualities.
15. The color red is often a _______________________ of danger, while a dove has been known to indicate peace.
16. The highest point of action in a fictional story is known as the ________________________.
17. The children are looking forward to the upcoming April vacation. _________________ hoping to play more outdoor sports if the weather continues to stay warm. (they're, their, or there)
18. ___________________ a lovely day today. (Its, It's)
19. We are often waiting for the _________________________ or final piece to the puzzle or solution in a story. It tells us if the characters will have a happy ending or not.
20. It would be _________________________ if a lifeguard, who must pass a Red Cross test that shows they are a great swimmer, was actually afraid of the water.
21. When you narrate a story from the "outside," meaning you are not included in the story at all, you are telling the story from the _______________________ person point of view. Pronouns used in this method would include "he, she, they, it, them, theirs" and more.
22. I know you looked for your lost phone over here, but have you also looked over _________________? (they're, their, there)
23. When you say "His face was as red as a beet," you are using the literary device known as _______________.
24. The way you tell a story, which is the manner in which you narrate the events, is expressed as the _______________________________________ you used.
25. The class is happy they are on number 25 on this review; it is ____________________ last question! (they're, their, there)
26. The problem in the story, which is what is often stopping the main character from achieving what he wants, is known as the ________________________________.
More Sections to Follow!
Directions: Please fill in the following sentences with the correct literary term. For those who are new, simply try your best! We will go over this in class tomorrow night!
1. When you compare two items using the words "like" or "as," you are using a _____________________________.
2. The process of giving human qualities to inanimate objects is known as _________________________________.
3. The use of the same sound to start several words is called _____________________________________________.
4. A __________________________________________ is a word that is spelled the same way, forward and backward.
5. The comparison of an object to something else directly, without the use of "like" or "as," is a ______________________.
6. Something you say in question form that does not need an answer is known as a __________________________
7. It is ____________________________________ that I bought a computer so that class would run smoothly, and then the audio went out and we had to leave Zoom!
8. A ___________________________________ is the problem in any fictional story.
9. The ____________________________________ of a story is something we learn and take away from it, such as "There's no place like home."
10. The main character in a story is known as the _____________________________________________.
11. The highest point of interest in a story is called the ___________________________________.
12. A character has an _______________________________________ when he has a sudden and intense realization of something, and his life is often then changed by it.
Thank you for working so hard! I look forward to seeing how you did in class tomorrow!