Today's term is the word synecdoche (pronounced si NECK duh kee). Synecdoche is a figure of speech in which a part of something represents the whole.
An example could be: Boston won the World Series.
In this instance, Boston is used as a synecdoche. Instead of saying the "Boston Red Sox won," we use part of the team name, Boston, instead.
Another example could be: Lily's dad bought her a new set of wheels that summer.
In this case, wheels, which are part of a car, represent the whole car that Lily's dad purchased for her.
Parallel Sentence Structure:
Writing effectively requires the use of consistent verb tenses and correct word placement. This helps your work become clear, concise, and meaningful.
For example: Good writers proofread, edit, and revise.
Notice that the action verbs listed in bold print are all in the same present tense.
Another example: Tom tossed the ball and ran around the field.
In this case, the action verbs are both in the past tense.
Another example: All students worked carefully and effectively.
Notice in this sentence that both words in bold print are adverbs of moderation.
Please rewrite the sentences below, which are written incorrectly, to maintain parallel sentence structure.
Incorrect: Jim's sister was smart and she worked creatively.
Correct: Jim's sister was smart and creative.
Notice that the words in bold print are both adjectives in the correct example!
1. Cindy loved to run and drawing.
2. Sally worked hard and was doing her best.
3. He was kind and a wonderful man.
4. Lisa loved boating and she knit blankets.
5. Sylvia was a good educator and presents new lessons daily.
Directions: Use the opening sentences I have listed below to continue your story. Remember to keep verb tense, point of view, and tone of voice the same.
Jane ran out the back door, leaving a full cup of coffee on the kitchen table. Her sister Sandy, who was staying with her for the summer, jumped up in alarm at Jane's sudden exit. Where could Jane be going at 6:30 in the morning?
Then Sandy saw the letter on the counter.
Continue your story! When you have finished, give it an appropriate title, as well. Have fun!
Remember to write your answers in the "Comments" section below. Do not forget to list your name!! Have fun, and I look forward to checking your work!